From this, it is not hard to see why the first wife would pressurise the husband into taking another wife in order to alleviate her of some workloads and childbearing. It can be safely stated that there can be no culture without a society. Social values can simply be seen as those beliefs and practices that are practised by any particular society. The fear of being made to go through such ordeal or to be stripped naked and taken round the community as in the case of stealing, adequately checks crimes of some sort. Social values are backed by customary laws. In Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria, for instance, even though the traditional political institution was overwhelmingly totalitarian, there were still some checks and balances. N^|k African culture is embedded in strong moral considerations. No.4. Nigerian Language Studies. "Cultural Relativism and the Language of Morals" International Journal of African Culture and Development Vol.2 (1). The idea behind it is to prepare the maiden and make her look as good, healthy and beautiful as possible for her husband. This shows that values occupy a central place in a people's culture. Each family has a family head; each village has a village head. What Antia calls "traits" here can as well be called values; and Etuk (2002: 22) writes that "no group of people can survive without a set of values which holds them together and guarantees their continued existence". Again, the pre-European-contact African pattern of exchange was mainly by barter. Hopefully if we can understand a bit of African cultural values when we travel to Africa, we can make a positive impression; showing respect that will leave lasting memories! Inventions may be material or social in nature. Apart from this, failure to pressurise the husband to take another wife would be misinterpreted as selfishness - that she does not want anyone to share in her husband's wealth. Life seems to force people to make choices, or to rate things as better or worse as well as formulate some scale or standard of values. Explaining how culture is passed on as a generational heritage, Fafunwa (1974: 48) writes that: The child just grows into and within the cultural heritage of his people. He witnesses the coronation of a king or chief, the annual yam festival, the annual dance and acrobatic displays of guilds and age groups or his relations in the activities. [ Links ], Aziza, R.C. As a man gets wealthier in farmland and herds of cattle, his children would provide the workforce. YCCâs Director, John, has given me some serious homework. Another process which can bring profound change in the culture of African people is the process of cultural diffusion (the spread of culture traits from one society into another through cultural contact). We could see that African culture embraces the totality of the African way of life in all its forms and ramifications. African Culture and the African Personality. We seem to instinctively 'like' the individuals who share our core values and beliefs. It has a system of various beliefs and customs which every individual ought to keep in order to live long and to avoid bringing curses on them and others. Culture and Decision Making in Nigeria. Since values are an integral part of culture and culture is what defines a people's identity, then the values that a people hold are what differentiate them from other people. 2005. Culture is to be understood as the way of life of a people. It was a thing of shame for any man to buy yams for his family within the first two to three weeks after the festival. Each person, as we could see, has some sense of values and there is no society without some value system (Idang 2007: 4). African Cultural Values â Democratic Republic of Congo. Even though there are as many definitions of culture as there are writers, there is an element of similarity that runs through them all. He is invincible as well. It does appear that while African culture and values have positive, soul-lifting and humanistic-dimensions, it also has some negative and dehumanising aspects. The cultures of traditional African societies, together with their value systems and beliefs are close, even though they vary slightly from one another. I-1V. This is a state where one does not boast of his/ her achievements and is ready to accept correction and help others. For a man to go for investigation, is already to point accusing fingers at his manhood and that is something no proud African male wants to subject himself to. It is the patterned way of life shared by a particular group of people that claim to share a single origin or descent. We can see that since culture is carried by people and people do change their social patterns and institutions, beliefs and values and even skills and tools of work, then culture cannot but be an adaptive system. 2002. Whether we are aware of it or not, the society we live in has ways of daily forcing its values on us about what is good, right and acceptable. And we believe there is no need to over-labour this point since there are sufficient similarities to justify our usage of the term "African culture". These instances show that marriage practices and the cultural values that are held about them are due and in urgent need for revision in some African societies. We will be dealing with African culture embraces the totality of the art are... Longer a debate that pre-colonial African life was heavily influenced by religion wealthier in farmland and herds of cattle his. Slavery, African American culture is to be understood as beliefs that are most to... 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